The role of positive parental practices on problematic behavior in adolescence is addressed in the chapter “Parental knowledge and its sources: Testing their predictive value on violent and non-violent behaviour in adolescence”
The book A closer look at parenting styles and practices, recently published by Nova Science Publishers, includes the chapter “Parental Knowledge and Its Sources: Testing their predictive value for violent and non-violent behavior in adolescence”, by Olalla Cutrín, Lorena Maneiro and Laura López Romero.
The knowledge that parents have about their children’s activities, friends, and whereabouts constitute one of the most relevant positive parenting practices that prevent future problematic behaviors. A longitudinal study conducted by Dr. Olalla Cutrín delves into the role of parental knowledge, as well as its sources of information, on the psychosocial development of adolescents. The results of this three-year longitudinal study are presented in the aforementioned chapter.
Research has consistently shown that family environments characterized by support and warmth, which encourages child autonomy and decision making, enable parent-child communication and disclosure. In this line, parental knowledge has been one of the most studied parenting practices in relation to psychosocial development in adolescence, including both normative and antisocial behaviors. Parental knowledge can, in turn, be obtained through different sources of information. Firstly, by means of child disclosure, that is, the willingness of children to spontaneously share such information with their parents; secondly, parental control, which refers to the information that parents obtain through the establishment of rules or requests for explanations; thirdly, parental solicitation, which refers to the information that parents obtain through conversations with their children or by asking about their lives.
Considering previous research, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of parental knowledge and its sources on adolescent antisocial behavior, both violent and non-violent. Likewise, the mediating role of parental knowledge on the relationship between the sources of information and antisocial behavior was analyzed. For this purpose, a sample composed of 394 adolescents from 11 secondary schools in Galicia were evaluated annually over a period of three years. The results of the current study showed that only child disclosure was related to parental knowledge one year later. On the other hand, no source of parental knowledge directly predicted non-violent antisocial behavior, but only child disclosure indirectly predicted low levels of non-violent behavior through the effect of parental knowledge. However, there was a significant direct relationship of parental control evaluated in the first grade with aggressive behaviors two years later. These findings highlight the relevance of the positive non-coercive practices that promote confidence and family communication, aimed at preventing the development of problematic behaviors in adolescence.